AmericaDodhersSeeing Lines by Sharon Tenenbaum

After leaving Civil Engineering to become a photographer, I naturally gravitated towards the subject matter of architectural photography, namely bridges.

After leaving Civil Engineering to become a photographer, I naturally gravitated towards the subject matter of architectural photography, namely bridges.

Sundial Bridges without Seal

I guess I was intrinsically eager to use my newly artistic tools as a photographer and apply them to my old revered subject matter of bridges. I strived to express the artistic beauty of these engineering marvels. I was, and still am fascinated with how the beauty, efficiency and simplicity found in nature such of the spider web or conch shell inspires technological design and innovation. It is truly awe inspiring when humans cleverly adapt what is already there.

The photographic precision is important in doing justice and giving voice to this creative genius. Like with any work of art, I try to capture the attention of the viewer for a prolonged momentary ‘ah ha’ revelation of their own. Reflecting innate power and splendour for others to experience builds cultural appreciation for art, science, and the environment.

As all scientific discovery begins with the spark of original insight, I originally believed that my creative process is really a non-method methodology or quite rightly an effortless effort. Certain of what I love and want, I cannot be so arrogant to think I can just take it. While out shooting and in the moment, I attempt to surrender any linear thought, relax into the spaciousness of pure awareness, and like any artistic experience, letting it come by letting go. However, looking back and probing into my subconscious thought process, there is quite a lot of linearity going on behind the scenes. By shedding light onto my subconscious visual thought process, I can bring it forward, and consciously express it verbally and graphically to share with the world.




Vasco de Gama Bridge

Kamloops Pedestrian Bridge

Hoofddorp #1 Harp Bridge

Hoofddorp #2 Lyre Bridge

Hoofddorp #3 Lute Bridge

One of the key components that guided my intrinsic vision was the simplicity of lines and their harmonious balance within the frame. To achieve this I naturally developed the skill to ‘pre-visualize’ what my image would look like after my post processing. By pre-visualizing, I could express the vision I had in mind while taking the shot so I could get in camera the right composition.

I find that the ability to pre-visualize is one of my students major difficulties and I often get asked how it’s done. So throughout this article, I will share with you my knowledge and techniques of simplifying the scene of your subject into a schematic map of shapes and lines, which will help you get a better understanding of composition and relationship to light and shadow.

Once this ‘mental muscle’ of pre-visualizing is strengthened, you will notice how it can be implemented into other subject matters as well, but for the sake of the example, and to start out with something a bit of the obvious, the example I will use to demonstrate this ‘mental muscle’ will be through architectural photography, of the three photographs I took of the Sundial Bridge in Redding California. This bridge was designed by Spanish architect and engineer, Santiago Calatrava, to serve not only as a pedestrian bridge but also as a functioning sundial – Photographic Heaven!

Sundial Bridge Sunset Pano

The Sundial Bridge: designed to cross the river exactly north to south with the main pylon located on the north bank of the Sacramento River. The image above depicts a postcard photo of the bridge; the challenge was to show the bridge in an original and artistic way.

Before I Even Press the Shutter, I first ask myself: What do I want to convey about this subject? What intrigues me about it? Is it the harmony of geometric lines? Is it the relationship of lights and shadows? Or is it just the essence of the structure itself? (i.e. sundial). Do I want to exaggerate a specific feature to emphasis it and thus zooming in for an isolated shot or do I want to show it in its surrounding to create context?

This dialog that I have with myself is not necessarily a conscious and articulated one, but I know it’s there. It proves itself in all the frames I take that I know are just not good enough. For this Project I knew that I wanted to create a series of three images, each one as stand-alone yet bonded together to tell a story. I wanted to convey the fact that this bridge is an actual sundial as well as a functioning pedestrian bridge. That was the vision I set out for myself to convey.

Conveying the essence of the Sundial

In this image, it was important for me to depict the fact that this bridge is also a functioning sundial. I asked myself: what makes a sundial? So while I was out in the field, I wanted to capture the gnome (pylon) of the bridge with the sunlight hitting it and reflecting down. Luckily, underneath the pylon was an in-caved area that allowed me to do just that!


This is original image I chose, in the video (link above) I explain my visual thought process and show the entire roll of raw footage that led me to chose this one. In essence it was the detailed close up of the gnome during the morning light when the sun was reflecting on it and bouncing down to create a trail of light. I knew this image would represent the sundial itself.

This image depicts the relationships of simplified shapes that I saw in my minds eye. If someone was standing beside me and I were to close my eyes and describe what I was seeing at the time I took the shot, it would have been the concrete in-caved area, the pylon and chords and the sky.

Articulating my vision even further, by probing my own subconscious thought process, my next step would be to define the separate planes within the concrete in-caved area.

Lastly, a crucial component was the relationship of light that I was actually seeing and wanted to eventually convey.
It is this image that was my visual ‘road map’ that I took with me to guide me through the post processing to eventually result in the final image

Final Image

Conveying the fact that it is a functioning bridge 

This image in the series was to represent the bridge itself.  I knew I wanted a shot in the series that would represent the bridge in context however, since I never saw the bridge before in real life (only in a documentary film) this composition came to me while I was on location.  Once I walked the bridge I knew this would have to be it as it shouted out to me, the simplicity of lines and balance of shapes. 


The original image

This image simplifies what I was seeing in my minds eye. Notice how the foliage isn’t there. It never registered in my mind, it was like ‘urban clutter’ that I found to be unnecessary detail, it did not contribute to my vision so in post I eliminated it .

Here I want to explain what I was seeing. The lines along the walkway converged in the distance with the base of the pylon, which created an effect I wanted to use in my post processing to draw the eye in, yet at the same time, the towering pylon looked to me like a light source that reflected down. So overall, I saw two systems of lines, one system going from the bottom up and the second, from the top down. These two systems of lines was the vision I had for this image and served as my ‘road map’ for the post processing.

It only in the post processing stage that inadvertently I created a horizontal light beam, which I decided to run with and accentuate, adding to my ‘line system’ resulting in the final image below

Final image

Tying everything together

I was struggling with finding my third image but knew that it had to be one that would tie in the first two.  An image that showed the bridge structure as well as the sundial light effect.  By capturing the pylon with the in-caved area in profile I managed to tie the two together while still being visually aware of the linear harmony.


Original image

In the simplest form, this is what captured my attention, the ‘S’ shape profile of the pylon which worked as a leading line from the down up as well as the top down. Again, this was my ‘road map’ when proceeding into the Photoshop post processing phase.

In addition to the linear shape of the structure, the backlight light was essential as well (as in all the images) as after all, what good is a sundial without light?

Just like in image #2 when I had additional insights into where I wanted to take the image after I started the post processing, it happened here as well (as most times it does). And that insight was to tie in the backlight with illuminating the outside profile of the in-caved area to result in the final image below:

Final Image

I hope you have gained some insight into how to develop the ability to pre-visualize and simplify your image.  In the next article I will explain how to use the visual ‘road map’ of lines and shapes to guide you through the post processing in Photoshop.

Sharon Tenenbaum teaches architectural fine art photography courses around the world. Join her in her next Workshop on April 2-5 in Valencia, Spain.

Legal Note: The photographer attest that have full authorization to give consent to the publication of these photos or project and have the authorization and permissions of third parties. Guarantees that you have all the necessary communications of property and you have obtained all the necessary authorizations for any property, buildings, architecture, structures or sculptures appearing in your photographs.



Sharon Tenenbaum is a multiple international award winning fine art photographer. Sharon was educated as a Civil Engineer and practiced as a Professional Engineer in Vancouver Canada. In late 2007, she made a decision to part from engineering in order to pursue her passion for photography. Sharon’s creative voice has a distinctive style in which she combines her scientific and artistic side in creating exceptional Architectural Photography Portfolio. Sharon shares her passion by teaching fine art photography workshops around the world as well as at Langara College and Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, BC.

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