In June 2015 I paid a visit to a iron casting foundry in Kolkata. I went their to cover how reluctant the authority of the foundry are in terms of safety of the workers.
The workers of that foundry works for long 12 hours shift or even more sometimes in the boiling rage of heat. They do not have sufficient protective gears while working with hot molten iron. Frequently the hot liquid iron gets spilled on the track while they run to fill the molds of man hole covers.
While ineracting with the workers I came to know that generally their shift is from 8:00 to 20:00 including half an hour break at 14:00 for supper. In this span of time they are bound to stress their all muscles to work beyond capability. On a non casting day they usually prepare the dices and loads iron slabs in the furnace. Kishan, worker of the foundry told us that it takes about 40 minutes to prepare a dice , if anything goes wrong in between then they have to repeat the process from the beginning. Each worker have to make 15 dices a day, if someone fails to meet his target then he has to work overtime, without extra money . On the other hand few workers are particularly appointed to dump iron slabs in the furnace. They fills up the furnace with a sum of almost 12 ton of iron in 5 days. Each bucket contains almost 20 KG of slabs. We noticed a man who has exposed rib cage and also possess a good amount of muscles in his hands . It simply signifies how much they push themselves.
On the morning of casting when everything is set , the worker who controls the furnace usually prays and worships the furnace for prosperous and safe production. The worship contains few resin sticks and a sweet in the name of furnace. After the worship the furnace starts to heat up. It takes 4-5 hours to melt 12 ton of iron slabs in to hot liquid iron. The furnace usually touches 4500 degree centigrade to melt it down. After long wait, The first batch of hot liquid iron gets checked for quality assurance . If every thing is by the book then the steaming, glowing hot iron is ready to be collected. In a short span of time the temperature of the furnace hits sizzling 72 degree centigrad.
Each worker has a long metal rod attached with the bucket to collect the lava like hot molten iron. They queues up systematically and collects as per their turn. They often sometimes gives hand to their fellow worker if they are having any trouble.
After filling up their bucket the workers runs through the small path as quick as possible to reach their targeted dice to fill it up with hot bubbling iron before cooling it down. The workers are habituated to run barefoot and they dont wear any glare proof glasses.It is really hard to keep yourself getting blacked out completely even if you had just a glimpse at the bucket. Just imagine what it takes to run with such hot liquid and pour it in dice with such precision. This is called true hard labor. It takes something beyond imaginable to work at a foundry.
I feel horrified by the reluctance of the authority and also of the workers of the factory.
About Sagnik Datta
18 years young , Freelance photographer hailing from kolkata, Having interest in human life documentation and photo journalism. A keen learner of aspects of street photography. [Official website]
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